Poltrona Frau

LEATHER WORKING STAGES

 
  • 1 - SOAKING

  • 2 - LIMING

  • 3 - FLESHING

  • 4 - SPLITTING

  • 5 - PICKLING

  • 6 - TANNING

  • 7 - SELECTION

  • 8 - SHAVING

  • 9 - RETANNING

  • 10 - DYEING

  • 11 - FATTING

  • 12 - PREDRYING

  • 13 - AIR DRYING

  • 14 - STAKING and DAMPING

  • 15 - FULLING

  • 16 - POUNDING BY HAND

  • 17 - TRIMMING

  • 18 - SPRAYED FINISHING

  • 19 - STRETCHING AND IRONING

  • 20 - MEASUREMENT

  • 21 - FIREPROOFING

  • Stage 1
    SOAKING

Hides are immersed in drums to regain some of the water lost during initial salting.

  • Stage 2
    LIMING

This consists in removing the hair, the first step in stripping leather.

  • Stage 3
    FLESHING

A mechanical process for eliminating the residual subcutaneous flesh and fat called fleshing.

  • Stage 4
    SPLITTING

Splits the dermis into two or more layers. Only the top layer has potential to become "full-grain" leather.

  • Stage 5
    PICKLING

Chemical process for removing the lime and opening the pores of the full grain.

  • Stage 6
    TANNING

Prevents the organic decomposition of the hide, giving it chemical and biological stability.

  • Stage 7
    SELECTION

Selects the best-quality hide that is to become Pelle Frau®.

  • Stage 8
    SHAVING

Determines the thickness of the hide by passing it through a rolling machine with helical blades.

  • Stage 9
    RETANNING

Determines the final features of the Pelle Frau®: "hand", structure, density and grain.

  • Stage 10
    DYEING

Pelle Frau® is coloured with organic aniline dye, uniformly through its entire thickness.

  • Stage 11
    FATTING

Lubricates the hide, making it more elastic, soft and tear-resistant.

  • Stage 12
    PREDRYING

Removes moisture: the coats are hung up on preheated plates.

  • Stage 13
    AIR DRYING

Completes the drying process naturally to enhance the softness of Pelle Frau®..

  • Stage 14
    STAKING and DAMPING

These processes soften and rehydrate the fibres, thus giving the Pelle Frau® an even softer "hand".

  • Stage 15
    FULLING

Softens and rehydrates the Pelle Frau to give it its characteristic "touch".

  • Fase 16
    POUNDING BY HAND

Specific for Pelle Frau® Nest. Gives the leather the appearance commonly called the "dotted leather look".

  • Stage 17
    TRIMMING

Eliminates the unusable parts.

  • Stage 18
    SPRAYED FINISHING

Determines the degree of the resistance of the leather to rubbing, fading and staining. Pelle Frau® Nest is treated with a thin coat of transparent lacquer while Pelle Frau® SC is treated with a pigment that makes the colour uniform and forms a transparent protective coat. This stage is omitted for Pelle Frau Soul.

  • Stage 19
    STRETCHING AND IRONING

Specific for the Pelle Frau® Color System. Both these processes give the Pelle Frau® a uniform grain.

  • Stage 20
    MEASUREMENT

Leathers are measured electronically to determine their size

  • Stage 21
    FIREPROOFING

Where required. Process for making the leather fire-resistant carried out using specially-designed products conforming to the applicable standards.

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